PRIMARY AND SECONDARY RESEARCH SOURCES
Brief summary of activityThis activity will look at different types of sources that can be used to research specific topics for radio programmes.
Aim of the activityTo identify different kind of sources available outside the ‘experts’ being used by mainstream media.
Expected OutcomesThe following activity will make the group aware of the different research sources that are available and important to community radio producers.
experience and skills requiredBroad knowledge of research sources and an understanding of the community radio ethos when it comes to define relevant information sources.
infrastructure, setting, resourcestraining room with chairs.
LengthAbout 40 minutes
MaterialsFlipchart and markers, writing Materials for Learners (not for vision impaired)
How the activity should take placeAsk participants to imagine they are in a shop and they are going to buy a new laptop. What would you ask the shop assistant? Take note of how the questions are being asked (are participants using the What, Where, Why, Who, When and How). Point out to participants that they have experienced what research is all about.
Offer participants a definition for Research: “To Collect information on a subject” and point out that Research does not have to be an academic task.
AS participants to brainstorm places where they can access information. Explain that these sources are part of the research process.
Ask participants tools to find information, and list them on the flipchart. They should include
Ask participants what they think it is important when researching for information.
Prompt them if necessary:
Take notes carefully
Use Key Words
Check source is up to date
Scan info and then pick relevant material
Acknowledge all sources
File your notes
Double check facts!!
Give brief definition of secondary and primary sources.
A primary source provides direct or first-hand evidence about an event, object, person, or work of art. Primary sources include historical and legal documents, eyewitness accounts, and results of experiments, statistical data, pieces of creative writing, audio and video recordings, speeches, and art objects. Secondary forces are the ‘experts’ that offer an interpretation on the events, as they haven’t witnessed or experienced them.
For a story of a local football match - Primary sources could be interviews with players and fans, match programme, statistics on the two teams.
Secondary Source could be the newspaper report on the match.
Recommended max. number of participants and trainees to trainers ratio10 to 1
4 to 1 for Vision Impaired/Blind learners and trainees with learning difficulties.